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Essay on Indira Gandhi.

Indira Gandhi was the first and only female Prime Minister of India. She served three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984.

Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917, in Allahabad. His father was Jawaharlal Nehru, who became India's first Prime Minister, and her mother's name was Kamala Nehru. She grew up in a politically active household and was educated at Swiss and Indian schools.

Gandhi entered politics in 1959 when she was appointed as the President of the Indian National Congress party. She served in various ministerial roles before being elected as Prime Minister in 1966.

As Prime Minister, Gandhi faced many challenges, including ongoing conflicts with Pakistan and domestic political opposition. She also had to navigate the complex political landscape of a newly independent nation.

One of Gandhi's most significant achievements was the launching of the Green Revolution, which increased India's food production and helped to alleviate famine. She also initiated policies to promote social justice, such as the abolition of privy purses for the country's former rulers and the nationalization of banks.

Indira Gandhi's time as Prime Minister was not without controversy. She declared a state of emergency in 1975, citing security concerns, which led to widespread civil liberties violations. She was also criticized for her authoritarian leadership style.

Despite these challenges, Gandhi remains an important figure in Indian history. She is remembered for her dedication to public service and her efforts to improve the lives of the Indian people.

The End.

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